Dating sites durham region
Sakā and Skuthai evidently constituted a generic name for the nomads on the northern frontiers." The Saka people were an Iranian people who spoke a language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages.They are known to the ancient Greeks as Scythians and are attested in historical and archaeological records dating to around the 8th century BC.who were known to the ancient Greeks as the Cimmerians, were closely associated with the Sakas.In Biblical Hebrew, the Ashkuz (Ashkenaz) are considered to be a direct offshoot from the Gimirri (Gomer).In the modern era, the archaeologist Hugo Winckler (1863–1913) was the first to associate the Sakas with the Scyths.
This, along with the fact that the king's recorded regnal periods were given as the Khotanese kṣuṇa, "implies an established connection between the Iranian inhabitants and the royal power," according to the Professor of Iranian Studies Ronald E. Although the ancient Chinese had called Khotan Yutian (于闐), another more native Iranian name occasionally used was Jusadanna (瞿薩旦那), derived from Indo-Iranian Gostan and Gostana, the names of the town and region around it, respectively.before it became part of the Turkic Kara-Khanid Khanate in the 10th century.In the 11th century, according to Mahmud al-Kashgari, some non-Turkic languages like the Kanchaki and Sogdian were still used in some areas in the vicinity of Kashgar, Attestations of the Saka language show that it was an Eastern Iranian language.According to the Book of Han, the Saka split and formed several states in the region.These Saka states may include two states to the northwest of Kashgar, and Tumshuq to its northeast, and Tushkurgan south in the Pamirs.
Greek historians wrote of the wars between the Saka and the Medes, as well as their wars against Cyrus the Great of the Persian Achaemenid Empire where Saka women were said to fight alongside their men.